Tag Archives: Job

Gilbert House Fellowship #250: Job 25-27

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A DRAGON in the Bible? Yes! And we see it here in the Book of Job. What’s more, we see a connection between this primordial enemy of God and the spirits of the Nephilim.

Even before God created the heavens and the earth, He subdued Chaos—variously called Leviathan, “the deep” (the abyss; Hebrew tehom), the sea (the Canaanite sea-god Yam), or, as here in Job 26:12, Rahab, “the fleeing serpent.”

We also discuss the creation account of Job 26, which tells the story of the original chaoskampf, the struggle against Chaos (see Job 26:12-13).We also talk about the true meaning of “the north,” the personification of Sheol and Abaddon, and why “the dead” of Job 26:5 does not refer to deceased humans. (It’s another reference to the Rephaim, the spirits of the Nephilim.)

Other biblical references to God’s victory over Chaos:

  • Genesis 1:2 (Tehom [“the deep”])
  • Job 7:12 (“sea monster” or “dragon”)
  • Isaiah 27:1 (Leviathan, “fleeing serpent,” “twisting serpent,” “dragon”)
  • Isaiah 51:9 (Rahab, “dragon” or “sea monster”)
  • Psalm 74:12-14 (Leviathan, “sea monsters” or “dragons”)
  • Psalm 89:9-10 (Yam [“the sea”], Rahab)
  • Proverbs 8:27-29 (Yam [“the sea”], Tehom [“the deep”])

Note that Hebrew tehom is essentially a cognate (same word, different language) for Tiamat, the Sumerian name for the primordial chaos-dragon.


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Gilbert House Fellowship #249: Job 20-24

JOB’S FRIENDS grow increasingly accusatory as we go through the book. This week, we hear the final speeches of Zophar and Eliphaz, who have gone from gently reminding Job that God punishes the wicked to accusing their miserable, suffering friend of mistreating the poor, widowed, and homeless!

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Gilbert House Fellowship #248: Job 18-19

JOB’S UNDERSTANDING of the afterlife was a reflection of the culture around him, which was dominated by the Amorites who controlled the ancient Near East from about 2000 BC to 1400 BC. They believed that the dead depended on the living to feed them to sustain them after death.

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