THIS WEEK’S Old Testament study is another fascinating glimpse into the supernatural war taking place in the heavenlies, this time set against the backdrop of the establishment of Yahweh’s covenant with David and His holy mountain, Zion.
Tag Archives: Baal-zephon
THE ISRAELITES escaped the hand of Pharaoh, but now they’re in the desert wilderness and tempers are growing short. How long before they start complaining?
We also discuss the Ten Commandments, the battle in front of Baal-Zaphon and the final battle for Yahweh’s holy mountain, and more references to the Divine Council.
See Cris Putnam’s excellent five-part article Armageddon: The OT Background to the Battle for the Cosmic Mountain. See also this paper by Dr. Michael S. Heiser, The Divine Council and Biblical Theology.
What follows is a classic adventure story: Just as it appears the Hebrews are finally free, Pharaoh changes his mind. A dramatic chase across the desert culminates in the Egyptian army at the bottom of the Red Sea.
Click here for an interesting study on the route of the Exodus (we don’t agree with everything taught at Bible.ca, but this is worth considering).
We also recommend Cris Putnam’s three-part article “Armageddon: The OT Background to the Battle for the Cosmic Mountain“. Cris provides excellent context to Yahweh’s command to the Hebrews to turn around and camp on the shore of the Red Sea opposite a site named Baal-zephon (“lord of the north”), very possibly the modern Mount Tiran.
It was widely believed that Baal ruled from his “mount of assembly in the far reaches of the north” (Isaiah 14:13), Mount Zaphon (Mount Aqraa on the border between Syria and Turkey, about 19 miles north of the ancient city of Ugarit). So forcing a confrontation with the army and the gods of Egypt at a site dedicated to the Canaanite “Lord of the North” was far more significant than just physically delivering the Israelites from the hand of Pharaoh.
Destroying the army of Egypt was spiritual warfare at the highest level, and it foreshadowed the final end-times battle for Yahweh’s holy mountain, har mo’ed (corrupted into English as Armageddon) — Jerusalem, the Lord’s “mount of assembly.”