WE BEGIN our study of the second of the Historical Books of the Bible. Judges is named for the twelve leaders who were raised up by Yahweh at critical points in Israel’s history from the late 13th century to the mid-11th century B.C., and it chronicles Israel’s slide into apostasy and chaos, showing the need for a godly king to lead them.
Today, we look at the first five judges: Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar (who may have been a devotee of the Canaanite goddess of war), Barak, and Deborah.
We also discuss a few interesting aspects of the Song of Deborah (Judges 5), especially the curse by the Angel of Yahweh (Jesus, if you’ve just joined us) against Meroz. According to a Jewish tradition, Meroz was a group of supernatural inhabitants of the second heaven who refused to fight for Yahweh against the Canaanites.
THE ISRAELITES escaped the hand of Pharaoh, but now they’re in the desert wilderness and tempers are growing short. How long before they start complaining?
We also discuss the Ten Commandments, the battle in front of Baal-Zaphon and the final battle for Yahweh’s holy mountain, and more references to the Divine Council.
See Cris Putnam’s excellent five-part article Armageddon: The OT Background to the Battle for the Cosmic Mountain. See also this paper by Dr. Michael S. Heiser, The Divine Council and Biblical Theology.
THE STORY of Moses begins as our Bible study continues with the Book of Exodus. We look at Moses’ birth, rescue from the river, sojourn in Midian, and his encounter with a bush that burned without being consumed.
We also discuss one of the most puzzling episodes in the Old Testament — an encounter between the Lord and Moses on the way to Egypt that leads Moses’ wife, Zipporah, to call Moses a “bridegroom of blood.”