PRIDE AND a drift away from the Creator is evident in today’s study, which features the generations of patriarchs between Adam and Noah.
We discuss the first city built (Gen. 4:17) and explain why we think the builder was Cain’s son, Enoch (not the Enoch who “walked with God,” who was a descendant of Seth). That was probably the ancient city of Eridu, home of the god Enki, lord of the abyss, site of the oldest and largest ziggurat in Mesopotamia.
THE TROUBLES of this world can be a huge obstacle to following Christ. Money, family, social status, possessions, and even religious tradition can distract us from prioritizing our lives in the proper order.
We also discuss the Parable of the Prodigal Son and the prophetic implications of Luke 17:20-37, which parallels Matthew 24:3-44. Luke adds “just as it was in the days of Lot” to the “days of Noah” reference we’re familiar with from Matthew. Does this mean a return of the Nephilim “who were on the earth in those days, and also afterward”?
WE PICK up the story of Noah just before the waters of the Flood sweep over the land. We compare the biblical account of the Flood with the Mesopotamian epics featuring Atra-Hasis, Utnapishtim, and Ziusudra. Was Noah a Sumerian king? And why, after the Flood, was Noah so angry with Ham that he cursed Ham’s son, Canaan?
Further reading: See Peter Goodgame’s intriguing studies The Giza Discovery, in which Peter equates the biblical Nimrod with the Sumerian king Enmerkar and the first Egyptian pharaoh, Narmer, and then makes the case that this person is to be identified as the Egyptian god Osiris. We also recommend Peter’s excellent essay Against World Powers: A Study of the Judeo-Christian Struggle in History and Prophecy, which explains the Genesis 6 event as one battle in the ongoing rebellion against Yahweh by members of the Divine Council. These will factor into our discussion next week of the Tower of Babel incident.
Also see this map that shows the limits of the ancient kingdom of Urartu (Ararat).