Gilbert House Fellowship #286: Exodus 32-33

IT DIDN’T take long for Israel to rebel against God’s commands. They broke the first two commandments—no other gods and no idols—before Moses even came down from Mount Sinai.

We discuss the Israelites’ desire for an idol to give locality to their “god,” and whether the golden calf was supposed to represent Yahweh, the storm-god Baal, the moon-god Sîn (they were at Sinai, after all), or the creator-god of the Amorites, El, whose main epithet was “Bull El.”

And Sharon makes the astute observation that God’s promise to send His angel to push out the nations before Israel is a picture of what will happen when Christ returns.

There is a bit of archaeology this week, too, as we point out that some of the people occupying Canaan whose names have been lost to history, like the Hivites, Perizzites, and Jebusites, have actually been identified by scholars in recent years (Mycenaean Greeks, Philistines, and Hurrians respectively).

JOIN US IN ISRAEL! We will lead our next tour through the Holy Land March 19 – 30, 2023, with an optional three-day extension to Jordan, with visits to Mount Nebo, Wadi Rum, and Petra. For more information, log on to

Click here for the complete archive of our New Testament Bible studies to date, and click here for the Old Testament studies to date. Or go to for all of the audio.

1 Comment

  1. In Exodus 24:10, the NET Bible suggests they saw the divine glory indirectly as they looked up from below, through what appeared to be a transparent blue sapphire pavement.

    Exodus 32:20 seems to cast aspersion on their unfaithfulness; making them drink the water was a type of the bitter water test that tested the wife suspected of unfaithfulness.

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