Tag Archives: shedim

Gilbert House Fellowship #294: Leviticus 17–19

IT’S ANOTHER weird section of scripture this week, which, as you know by now, means it’s important.

In the middle of rules pertaining to sacrifices, God gave this to Moses:

So they shall no more sacrifice their sacrifices to goat demons, after whom they whore.

Leviticus 17:7, ESV

What are goat demons? It’s significant that this warning comes shortly after God instructed Moses and Aaron on the atonement ritual that required a goat be sent into the wilderness for Azazel, who was named as one of the leaders of the Watchers who agreed to rebel against God on the summit of Mount Hermon.

But the Hebrew word se’irim doesn’t necessarily mean “demons.” That’s a choice made by English translators. If, as the early church believed (based on the Book of 1 Enoch), demons are the disembodied spirits of the Nephilim giants destroyed in the Flood, why would they be worshiped as goats? Answer: They probably weren’t.

English translators had to do the best they could with an imperfect understanding of the religious milieu that produced Moses and the Israelites. We discuss the se’irim and the shedim (translated “demons” in Deut. 32:17 and Psalm 106:37), who account for the three references to “demons” in the Old Testament. In fact, we now know, thanks to discoveries within the last fifty years, that the Hebrew word rephaim should be translated “demons” instead of “dead,” “departed,” or “shades.”

We also discuss the laws against sexual immorality in Leviticus 18, the Bible’s first mention of sacrificing children to Molech (or “the king”), and God’s command to “love your neighbor as yourself.”

As promised during the show, here’s the teaser video for SkyWatchTV’s forthcoming program The Bible’s Greatest Mysteries:

Our free mobile app for iOS and Android brings these studies right to your smartphone or tablet! Links to the iTunes App Store and Google Play are on the main page at www.GilbertHouse.org.

Join us in Israel! We will lead another tour for SkyWatchTV through the Holy Land with special guest messianic Rabbi Zev Porat October 3–17, 2021, with an optional three-day extension to Mount Nebo, Wadi Rum, and Petra in Jordan.

For more information, log on to SkyWatchTV.com/IsraelTour.

Our new book Giants, Gods & Dragons is available now in paperback and Kindle! Get it as part of a great package with more than 27 hours of our video teachings at the SkyWatchTV Store, or by itself at Amazon.com.

The latest installment of Sharon’s Redwing Saga, King’s Gambit, is available now in paperback and Kindle! Visit Sharon’s author page at Amazon.com for more.

And Derek’s novels The God Conspiracy and Iron Dragons are available now in paperback and Kindle! See the official trailers and learn more at the website for Rose Avenue Fiction.

Click here for the complete archive of our New Testament Bible studies to date, and click here for the Old Testament studies to date. Or go to www.spreaker.com/show/gilbert-house-fellowship for all of the audio.


Filed under Bible Study, Old Testament

Gilbert House Fellowship #84: Psalms 133, 106-107

Our fathers, when they were in Egypt...rebelled by the sea, at the Red Sea (Ps. 106:7)

“Our fathers, when they were in Egypt… rebelled by the sea, at the Red Sea.”

PSALMS OF thanksgiving and a retrospective of Israelite history are the focus of our Old Testament study this week. Psalms 133 and 107 remind us that God’s steadfast love endures forever, while Psalm 106 reminds us of the history of Israel–and God’s patience in spite of their repeated rebellion.

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Filed under Bible Study, Old Testament