Gilbert House Fellowship #328: Psalm 91; Joshua 1

PSALM 91 is often called the Soldiers’ Psalm, but the warfare it describes is spiritual rather than physical.

The “terror,” “pestilence,” and “destruction” referenced in Psalm 91 were evil entities named Pachad, Deber, and Qeteb who were well-known to the ancient Canaanites. We also note that the “adder” of verse 13 is nachash, the “serpent” of Genesis 3, and “the serpent” of Psalm 91 is a tannin—a dragon!

We also note God’s promise to deliver those who hold fast to Him in love, and we explain why verse 16 is a promise of the coming Messiah.

One of the footprint-shaped enclosures discovered by Israeli archaeologist Adam Zertal (click to enlarge). Credit: Aaron Lipkin (

Then we move to the first chapter of Joshua, an exhortation of the Israelites to “be strong and courageous” as they prepared for the conquest of Canaan. Notice Joshua 1:3, God’s promise that “every place that the sole of your foot will tread upon I have given to you.” And we discuss the importance of verse 11, and why Joshua’s command to his officers to prepare the people “for within three days you are to pass over this Jordan” is a reversal of a pagan ritual intended to resurrect “those who cross over”—the Rephaim—at dawn of the third day.

For the significance of the footprint structures discovered by the late Israeli archaeologist Adam Zertal, we encourage you to watch this recent episode of our program, The Bible’s Greatest Mysteries:

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Click here for the complete archive of our New Testament Bible studies to date, and click here for the Old Testament studies to date. Or go to for all of the audio.


  1. I enjoy and learn so much from these studies. I am so curious as to why the ancients would choose to worship the fallen realm. They seem to have done it because they were afraid of evil consequences if they didn’t, but it also seems like they wanted to join this evil realm purposely after death. Why would they not choose Yahweh? Were the ancients that deceived?

  2. Awesome. I love your teaching and all the little details you two bring out. Thank you so much and Merry Christmas and God bless you two and can’t wait till you bring out next year 2022.. Faithful fan, Linda

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